Access ContestedSecurity, Identity, and Resistance in Asian Cyberspace

Access ContestedSecurity, Identity, and Resistance in Asian Cyberspace

Ronald Deibert, John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, and Jonathan Zittrain

Print publication date: 2013

ISBN: 9780262016780

Publisher: The MIT Press

Abstract

A daily battle for rights and freedoms in cyberspace is being waged in Asia. At the epicenter of this contest is China—home to the world’s largest Internet population and what is perhaps the world’s most advanced Internet censorship and surveillance regime in cyberspace. Resistance to China’s Internet controls comes from both grassroots activists and corporate giants such as Google. Meanwhile, similar struggles play out across the rest of the region, from India and Singapore to Thailand and Burma, although each national dynamic is unique. This book is the third volume from the OpenNet Initiative (a collaborative partnership of the Citizen Lab at the University of Toronto’s Munk School of Global Affairs, the Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University, and the SecDev Group in Ottawa), and it examines the interplay of national security, social and ethnic identity, and resistance in Asian cyberspace, offering accounts of national struggles against Internet controls as well as updated country reports by ONI researchers. The contributors examine such topics as Internet censorship in Thailand, the Malaysian blogosphere, surveillance and censorship around gender and sexuality in Malaysia, Internet governance in China, corporate social responsibility and freedom of expression in South Korea and India, cyber attacks on independent Burmese media, and distributed-denial-of-service attacks and other digital control measures across Asia.

Table of Contents

Part I Access Contested: Theory and Analysis

1 Access Contested

Ronald Deibert, John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, and Jonathan Zittrain

2 Contesting Cyberspace and the Coming Crisis of Authority

Ronald Deibert, and Rafal Rohozinski

4 Sexing the Internet

Heike Jensen, Jac sm Kee, Gayathry Venkiteswaran, and Sonia Randhawa

6 Competing Values Regarding Internet Use in “Free” Philippine Social Institutions

Erwin A. Alampay, Joselito C. Olpoc, and Regina M. Hechanova

7 Interconnected Contests

Hal Roberts, Ethan Zuckerman, and John Palfrey

8 Control and Resistance

Nart Villeneuve, and Masashi Crete-Nishihata

Part II Country Profiles and Regional Overview

Introduction to the Country Profiles

Ronald Deibert, John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, and Jonathan Zittrain

Asia Overview

Ronald Deibert, John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, and Jonathan Zittrain

Bangladesh

Ronald Deibert, John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, and Jonathan Zittrain

Burma

Ronald Deibert, John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, and Jonathan Zittrain

China

Ronald Deibert, John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, and Jonathan Zittrain

India

Ronald Deibert, John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, and Jonathan Zittrain

Indonesia

Ronald Deibert, John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, and Jonathan Zittrain

Malaysia

Ronald Deibert, John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, and Jonathan Zittrain

Pakistan

Ronald Deibert, John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, and Jonathan Zittrain

South Korea

Ronald Deibert, John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, and Jonathan Zittrain

Thailand

Ronald Deibert, John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, and Jonathan Zittrain

Vietnam

Ronald Deibert, John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, and Jonathan Zittrain